CONSOLE project, focuses on promoting the delivery of Agri-Environmental Climate Public Goods (AECPGs) by agriculture and forestry through the development of improving contractual solutions (that is, the relationships between the public administration (at different scales) and the farmers).
The general objective of CONSOLE is to boost innovation in the lasting delivery of AECPGs by EU agriculture and forestry, by building a Community of Practice (CoP), by designing and testing effective and efficient cooperation models and by developing a contractual framework supporting implementation by multiple actors…
WP1 DEVELOPMENT OF END-USER- LED CONTRACTUAL FRAMEWORK
The WP1 aim is the development of the AECPG contractual framework, including model contracts, which is at the core of the project, through a deep involvement of the relevant CoP (supported by WP5). The WP is organised in such a way as to collect input from other WPs and to incorporate them step by step in the framework, in a process of co-constructed knowledge accumulation and operationalization.
WP2 DIAGNOSTICS OF EXISTING EXPERIENCES ON AECPGs
WP2 provides an inventory and an ex-post qualitative assessment of existing and/or implemented contract solutions for the improved delivery of AECPGs in the EU and in third countries. In close collaboration with WP1, existing initiatives, with special emphasis on environmental-related land tenure systems, result-based approaches and approaches of collective implementation, as well as value chain solutions, will be identified and analysed in order to detect potentials for improvement to be studied during the project.
WP3 FEASIBILITY OF NEW CONTRACT SOLUTIONS FOR FARMERS AND OTHERS STAKEHOLDERS
WP3 will ensure the acceptability, preferences and likely behaviour by farmers and others potential actors involved in in innovative AECPGs contracts will be investigated through a collection of secondary data and surveys in the selected areas/countries. The results of WP activities will be further evaluated, validated and synthetized through a series of local workshops.
WP4 SIMULATION AND PERFORMANCE OF NEW CONTRACT SOLUTIONS
Contract solutions envisaged in WP1 will be modelled using “bio) economic simulation models and integrated models, building on selected cases from WP2 and empirical information from WP2 and 3. Modelling will allow to overcome the limitations of the real-life experience on the most innovative contract, to enable the transfer of insights on mechanisms and governance issues across case studies
WP5 COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE, TRAINING AND TESTING THE FRAMEWORK
objective of WP5 is to build a CoP around the project and to ensure its
feedback and shared contribution to the development of the framework, as well
as engaging it through training actions and animation in a collaborative
framework with all relevant stakeholders. This will be achieved in
collaboration with WP6 and using the most suitable technology.
WP6 DISEMINATION AND OUTREACH
WP6 will provide complementary dissemination and outreach in a collaborative framework with all relevant stakeholders and interaction with all other WPs (particularly with WP1 and WP5), in order to include a comprehensive communication strategy, particularly aimed to boost the impact of the project; including a set of specific goals and objectives with respect to what knowledge and results shall be disseminated, to whom, how and when.
WP7 COORDINATION AND
The WP7 aim is the coordination and monitoring of the activities, the administrative and financial management, the coordination of the reporting and deliverables production, the management of the knowledge generated in order to facilitate the exploitation and dissemination activities (WP5 and WP6), and the resolution of possible conflicts.
WP8 ETHICS REQUIREMENTS
The research activity envisaged in the project CONSOLE will be conducted applying fundamental ethical principles and relevant national, EU and international legislation, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and the European Convention on Human Rights, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR – Regulation UE 2016/679).
To give adequate consideration to this feature, the process will build on selected case study areas and experiences all over Europe. Case studies will provide a local in-depth analysis of the research question, as well as a national and EU-wide coverage for the potential of the proposed solutions.
ALMO – alpine oxen meat from Austria
Under the ALMO brand, a meat processing company, a foundation for animal welfare, and 400 farmers, organised in an association and managing alpine pastures around the Austrian Teichalm and Sommeralm, work together to produce and market alpine oxen with higher animal welfare standards.
Result-based contract solution – farmers follow recommended measures to build up humus (=soil organic matter) in soil, sequester CO2 and receive a fee per ton of stored CO2. Companies finance humus build-up and soil carbon storage by buying CO2 certificates.
Participation of private landowners to the ecological restoration of the Pond area Midden-Limburg through a close participation of private and public landowners and a triple E- approach in the 3watEr project.
10 private landowners set up a specific association OVML vzw (Ontwikkeling Vijvergebied Midden-Limburg vzw) for participating together to a Life+ project (3watEr project) and ensuring collective implementation on the basis of voluntary agreements by private parties and an integrated management plan.
A Forest Group is a voluntary partnership between both public and private forest owners. Through this cA Forest Group is a voluntary partnership between both public and private forest owners. Through this cooperation, an attempt is made to provide an answer to problems caused by the fragmentation of the forest. Forest Groups offer a comprehensive service that helps the many forest owners manage their forest parcels.
The Wildlife Estates (WE) Label has been developed to acknowledge exemplary management of European territories. It targets (mostly private) landowners and managers of such territories and encourages them to join the WE initiative to acquire recognition for their commitment to sustainable wildlife and habitat management. This commitment is continuous and formalized in the WE Charter.
Different owners and managers develop common and differentiated management goals for their respective territories for developing sustainable nature and forestry; integrated management, according to the Flemish Integrated Management Criteria (ecology, economy, social and heritage dimension aspects).
Conservation of grasslands and meadows of high natural value through support for local livelihoods
10 private landowners set up a specific association OVML vzw (Ontwikkeling Vijvergebied Midden-The agri-environmental measures are maintaining pastures and meadows, by mowing in a timetable throughout the year and limited mowing, affecting endangered breeding birds, European ground squirrel and raptors(King Eagle and Long-legged buzzard).
Farmers producing organic honey in one of the natural reserves in Bulgaria have organized in a Organization of producers in 2013. This organization has a contract with one of the biggest producers, distributors and retailers of organic food in the country – Harmonica. The latter is a Bulgarian brand for organic products. In this contract Harmonica buys the processed honey from the organization of producers on premium prices and distributes it as a trade mark for organic honey with biodiversity features.
A collective initiative of four farmers applies animal welfare standards, organic standards, agri-environmental measures for the production of beef. They cover the whole value chain from raising the animals, to the processing of the meat and marketing of the products in a small store in Sofia. They have a contract with a distributor for organic/natural foods processed in ecofriendly manner.
Conservation and restoration of grasslands in Strandzha and Sakar mountains for restoring local biodiversity and endangered bird species
For the last several decades former pastures in the Strandzha Mountain has been turned into agricultural land, thus destroying important breeding and feeding grounds for endangered bird species. The contract is between the Bulgarian Society for Protection of Birds and farmers for implementing conservational practices on pastures and restoration of the natural habitats.
Viticulture on steep slopes creates diversity in the Moselle valley
Measures promoting species diversity in viticulture on steep and extremely steep slopes have been developed in collaboration with winegrowers. At the same time these measures contribute to the preservation of the traditional cultural landscape along the river Moselle.
The initiative with a result-based approach is targeting organic farmers. The farms have the possibility to select the measures that fit best for them to foster wild flora and fauna. A certification scheme qualifies them for selling their organic products in retail with premium price.
Collaboration for sustainability between institutional landowners and tenant farmers
In the region around the city of Greifswald institutional land owners and tenant farmers cooperate to establish a sustainable agriculture protecting environment and nature. Land tenure contracts with sustainability clauses are the means chosen. A transparent tendering procedure is now taking into account sustainability criteria.
Agro-ecological transition pathways in arable farming
Suitable strategies and incentive mechanisms for agro-ecological transitions are co-constructed with a local Multi-Actor Platform (MAP), putting a particular focus on result-oriented approaches. Participatory decision support tools are applied to assess the current environmental, economic and social situation of arable farms in Lower Saxony. The outcome is used to identify potentials for agro-ecological improvements.
Actors of the whole value chain from the wheat producing farmers to the consumers are engaging in the initiative for groundwater and drinking water protection. The farmers renounce late fertilisation of their wheat fields and by doing so avoid nitrate input into the groundwater. The initiative encompasses a communication strategy targeted towards the consumers. It addresses the importance of clean water as well as the possibility to contribute to it by buying the so called ‘water protection bread ‘.
Forest conversion from coniferous to deciduous stands – an eco-account case
The environmental restoration of a private forest in Krailling, Bavaria is undertaken as an eco-account offsetting scheme under the German Impact Mitigation Regulation. Hundred hectares of forest are ecologically upgraded while maintaining the subsurface industrial use. Nature enhancement of forest aisles complements this measure.
Cooperative rice production in coastal wetlands in Southern Spain
A value-chain related contract solution, where rice with higher standards is produced (integrated production of selected varieties). In the case study, rice producers are associated and work together to produce rice in partial and full organic production of high standards.
One contract about provision of organic grapes; the initiative is connected to specific labels, advertised to the domestic and export markets, to enhance the image of the company. The overall target is to expand organic wine production in an emblematic area that influences greatly the Spanish wine market.
Monitoring and boosting environmentally beneficial practices in the olive grove within the framework of the new CAP measures
There are several technologies with potential application for key soil and environmental variables. These variables are included as potential indicators of eco-schemes and, as well, application of best practices. In the present case study, different approaches based on Copernicus will be evaluated and tested for monitoring of best practices under the new CAP.
Forest Bank – a forest conservation program in Indiana and Virginia, US
Private forest owners convey both land development and timber rights to a quasifinancial institution, Forest Bank, in exchange for guaranteed annual payments, the value of which is based on the landowner’s standing timber. The Forest Bank protects valuable habitats and harvests timber using environmentally sound methods. The bank recoups payments made to the landowners, plus an administration fee, through timber sales as prescribed in a management plan that has been accepted by both parties. The owner gets access to annual income without need to liquidate his/her forest assets and compromise conservation values. The Forest Bank is based on market incentives and landowner preferences. The owner can choose between a fixed-term (30 yrs) and permanent (99 yrs) contract.
Protected areas of private forests as tourism destination
In Kuusamo cooperation network, visually attractive protected areas are uncovered from private forests. Local nature-based tourism enterprises are offered a possibility to use these spots, nature trails leading to them and potentially existing facilities with their customers. Enterprises make an agreement with the forest owner to compensate the use.
Carbon Market – a marketplace for the restoration of ditched peatlands
Carbon Market (Hiilipörssi) is an online donation service designed to reduce carbon emissions and increase carbon storage by restoring ditched peatlands. It is targeted to consumers and companies who want to decrease their carbon footprint. The landowner offers the drained peatland that can be restored to its natural state as a carbon stock. Investments, actually donations, from private persons and enterprises provide capital that enables restoring actions. The landowner commits to leave the peatland untouched and transform it to as a private protection before the restoration begins.
The green jointly owned forest TUOHI is a multi-owner forest property applying continuous cover (uneven-aged) forest management regime and thus avoiding clear cutting in forestry. TUOHI is juridically private, established according to the Act on Jointly Owned Forests in Finland.
Nature value bargaining was a voluntary and temporary (10-20 years) biodiversity protection instrument in which forest owners got payment for maintaining and/or increasing biodiversity in a certain forest area within their forest holding. The solution was tested in pilot project phase (2002-2007) when the different protection instruments for METSO program (biodiversity protection programme for Southern Finland) were developed.
Eco-grazing – Grazing for ecological grasslands maintenance in the green areas of Brest Metropole
The Head of Green Spaces of Brest Metropole has chosen to entrust the management of the mowing of some of their green spaces to an eco-grazing service proposed by a breeder with a part of his flock of Scottish Black Face-bred sheep whose production (lamb meat) is subsequently sold (not cull or amenity animals as classically done). Eco-grazing is more expensive than conventional mowing, but has been chosen for the many environmental services that result (reducing GHG emissions, reducing noise, social link, local agriculture, invasive plant management, favouring mellow-flowering plants).
Terres de Sources – Public food order in Brittany, France
The farmers located in the drinking water supply area of the city of Rennes can contract for the supply of the public canteens of the urban area. Only farmers who commit themselves to improve their farm environmental practices using the IDEA method can subscribe to this public contract. In this case, the difference between practice-based and result-based is questionable since the IDEA method is mainly based on farmland use and agricultural practices indicators.
Esprit Parc National – Food and services in the national park of Guadeloupe
“Esprit Parc National” is a brand promoted, delivered and granted by the French Biodiversity Agency. This label is granted to farmers and tourism enterprises that adopt production practices for nature protection (close to organic farming) in the vicinity of the core natural reserves in national parks. In Guadeloupe this might be an opportunity for agroforestry farmers to get better prices. However transaction and production costs seem too high for most eligible farmers.
ECO-METHANE – Rewarding dairy farmers for low GHG emissions in France
With the ECO-METHANE program, farmers commit to provide a monthly analysis of the fatty acid profile of their milk and to feed their cattle with rich-omega 3 feed intake (mainly through grass feed) and by doing so to decrease the methane emissions of their cattle. In 2019, 617 farmers were engaged in this result-based method.
HAMSTER – Collective AECM to restore habitats of the European Hamster in Alsace (France)
The collective AECM Hamster_01 is implemented since the 2014 2020 CAP programming period. The association AFSAL (Farmers and Wild Animals in Alsace) is coordinating the cropping systems of about 140 farmers located in three different static protected areas (a total of approximately 8000 hectares), to favour the development of populations of the protected rodent specie Cricetus cricetus (European hamster). The association is under a 5- years contract and benefits from a financial envelope from the CAP that is allocated among the farmers engaged in the measure based on their effort. An additional individual result- based payment (bonus) was introduced in 2018.
Due to the unique landscape, farmers in this region face many environmental challenges which the traditional agri-environmental schemes do not address. This project works with farmers to achieve specific environmental outcomes, rewarded by payments, and also makes funds available for farmers to invest in self-selected, but pre approved, conservation projects. Environmental targets are set and monitored by farm advisors, performance is scored and payments are made based on the scoring system.
RBAPS – The Results-based Agri-Environment Payment Scheme (RBAPS) Pilot in Ireland
To test how results-based agri-environment schemes could work over wider areas and in differing landscapes, the EU Commission provided 70% funding for the Results-based Agri- Environment Payment Scheme pilot (called RBAPS Pilot) in Ireland and Spain. Two regions were selected in Ireland. Ecologists worked with 35 participating farmers to improve the biodiversity status of their farms. Farmers were paid on a per hectare basis conditional on a score achieved on a 1 to 10 scale.
BRIDE – Biodiversity Regeneration in a Dairying Environment
BRIDE is a results-based biodiversity project based in low-land intensively managed farmland. Farmers agree to a biodiversity management plan for their farm, where they agree to carry out up to 10 biodiversity measures. Payment is linked to their performance on these agreed measures.
Carbery Greener Dairy FarmsTM is a dairy efficiency programme designed to measure, monitor and optimise resource allocation and best practice in environmental sustainability on the dairy farm. The programme involves 62 dairy farmers in West Cork, each of whom are members of agricultural co-operatives, which in turn, own the Carbery Group. Each farmer carries out and monitors various environmental efficiency measures in order to improve the carbon dairy footprint of their farms and achieve greater efficiencies. Learnings are disseminated beyond the initiative through farm walks, workshops and discussion groups.
A group of farmers builds a water reservoir benefiting of support by the CAP through the Rural Development Plan. The support is conditional on the creation of a consortium composed by a minimum number of farmers.
In Massa Lombarda the Consorzio di Bonifica della Romagna Occidentale (CBRO) purchased private land to create a Ripopulation and Capture area that at the same time helps in managing natural hazards. The Project aims to protect and manage this basin in order to control its natural growth, and to collect the excess of water.
It is a new type of contract solution (agreement and list of requirements) proposed by Barilla to enhance the sustainable future path of its production. Farmers have to comply with ten rules to produce the raw material, in order to be a part of the “Carta del Mulino” agreement.
It is a new type of contract solution (agreement and list of requirements) proposed by Barilla to enhance The contract is designed to compensate farmers for monitoring and for interventions to control flood risks and to improve the management of river basins. The contract represents a case of the outsourcing of environmental and public goods services to the farmer. In other words the public agency outsources the control and maintenance of the river basin, the prevention from flood risks and other environmental goods directly to the farmers.
It is a new type of contract solution (agreement and list of requirements) proposed by Barilla to enhance The ITP allows a collective implementation and the concentration of RDP non-productive investments aiming at securing environmental assets on some specific areas of the Tuscany Region (vulnerable areas, marginalized etc.).
Demonstrates and promotes the use of complex Corncrake habitat restoration techniques (e.g. contract solutions) in degraded floodplain meadows, as well as raises the level of knowledge and involvement of landowners and local authorities in the environmentally friendly management of the Dviete floodplain.
Contractual agreements (cooperation) are concluded with forest owners on a voluntary basis for the organisation of seminars and practical training for other forest owners, students, etc. Topics of sustainable and environmentally friendly forest management are dealt with.
In the Netherlands, the implementation of agri-environmental measures and nature conservation measures in farmland is partly arranged collectively, where local cooperatives arrange and execute measures. The Kromme Rijn is a region in the Dutch province of Utrecht, where such a cooperative is active. It executes agri-environmental management and there are a few volunteer groups e.g. involved in pollarding willows.
Parties in the Green Deal Dutch Soy aim to explore the suitability of soy varieties for soy production in the Netherlands. They strive for a viable soy production sector in the Netherlands and target at expanding the harvested area of soy to 10 000 ha per year.
The Biodiversity Monitor is a results-based methodology to measure and reward the performance for biodiversity (including soil, landscape, environment and climate) per dairy farm in the Netherlands. The scores per farm on biodiversity-stimulating key performance indicators (KPIs) can be used as the basis for new revenue models. In this way, ecosystem-based dairy farming can be stimulated.
The Biodiversity Monitor is a results-based methodology to measure and reward the performance for biodiversity (including soil, landscape, environment and climate) per arable farm in the Netherlands. The scores per farm on biodiversity-stimulating key performance indicators (KPIs) can be used as the basis for rewarding, and as such new revenue models. In this way, ecosystem based arable farming can be stimulated.
A value-chain related contract solution, where rice with higher standards is produced (integrated The Natural Grazing in Podkarpackie program was introduced to preserve, protect and restore the biodiversity in valuable natural areas in Podkarpackie region, through extensive grazing of livestock in the permanent grassland areas, while maintaining animal welfare and appropriate stocking rate.
Program “Sheep Plus” – Provincial Program of Economic Activation and Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Beskids and Kraków-Częstochowa Upland
The Program Owca Plus (Sheep Plus) was introduced in 2008 to preserve, protect and restore biodiversity and pastoral cultural heritage in valuable natural areas of the Beskids and the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland based on sheep and goats grazing.
Program “Flowering meadows” – contracts for protection of biodiversity and water resources by regular mowing of meadows
The Program “Flowering meadows” was introduced in 2011 by the company Żywiec Zdrój S.A. to preserve and protect biodiversity and water resources of the Żywiec Region, through adapted mowing of meadows.
Bio-Babalscy – organic pasta chain preserving old varieties of cereals
The Bio-Babalscy organic pasta company is a family business, which together with about 90 supplying farmers preserves rare varieties of wheat, which are cultivated to produce seeds and grains for processing to various cereal products: flakes, flour and pasta.
Top Farms Group – cooperation in the supply chain inthe „Symbiotic Model”
The Top Farms Group, one of the largest agricultural enterprises in Poland, bases its development on building synergistic relations with partner farms in three dimensions: economic, technological and social as part of cooperation in the multidimensional “Symbiotic Model”.
Delivering multiple environmental benefits in the South Pennines
Several key environmental benefits from the Catchment Sensitive Farming Fund (CSFF) presence in the South Pennines area have been identified in order to improve habitat connectivity across and adjacent to Special Protection Areas (SPA), Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) and the South Pennines Moor Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). These activities include moorland restoration and enhancement, grassland habitat creation, and enhancing and expanding riparian habitats to benefit flood risk management and water quality while addressing sub-optimal land management
Using natural flood management to achieve multiple environmental benefits in Wharfedale
The Wharfedale Catchment Sensitive Farming Fund (CSFF) network was set up to provide multiple environmental benefits through increased biodiversity, protection of historic landscapes, wetland management and improvements in water quality. The network was brought together by, and is now coordinated through the Yorkshire Dales Rivers Trust which allows greater connectivity with, and knowledge of, similar activity taking place across the region.
Building natural flood management knowledge and capacity in Wensleydale
The Wensleydale Catchment Sensitive Farming Fund (CSFF) group was set up to improve knowledge sharing and provide training in farm practices aimed at improving natural flood management (NFM). The group is also focused on how NFM can be delivered in conjunction with positive land management for landscape, biodiversity and water quality.
Natural Flood Management in the River Swale catchment in Yorkshire
Farmers and land managers in eastern Yorkshire make up the small Swaledale Catchment Sensitive Farming Fund (CSFF) network to share knowledge on how to provide Natural Flood Management (NFM) and maintain soil health.
Environmental improvement across a whole catchment: Esk Valley
Farmers across the catchment are working together to implement solutions to improve the water quality in the Esk Valley. The river contains salmon and trout and efforts are underway to boost the freshwater pearl mussels and migratory fish through tackling problems with sediment and pollutants.